Hydroponic Growing Explained
The basic requirements for the successful growth of a plant include light energy and water. No matter where a plant shall exist, growth will only be possible once these conditions are present. Hydroponic lighting is a term representing all the artificial light sources in an indoor garden set up. Most people like growing their plants indoors, when space or weather conditions outside does not permit them. The growth of these plants will be up to standard, provided there is enough supply of the three basic components. The water and light energy is especially important. Without the light, the plants will not be able to photosynthesize. This is the process of the plant making food for itself to grow and store. The the importance of that process justifies the cost of buying and setting up the artificial lighting devices.
The choices for indoor growing lights are plenty, such as the LED growing lights, High Pressure Sodium growing lights, Sodium Vapor lamp, to name a few. Of all these, LED lights are regarded as the best source, since they last a long time as compared to the rest. There glow is also higher when compared to High-Pressure Sodium lamps. Generally, electricity is required to ensure the functioning of these artificial lighting systems in an indoor garden. The electricity enables these lamps to release an electromagnetic spectrum that assists in the process of photosynthesis, for all plants receiving it. There is, however, a difference in the spectrum produced by these indoor lights when compared to that which outdoor plants receive from the sun. The light from the sun has in it all the color spectra directed towards the plants.
Artificial grow lights are made to release different color spectra, with every stage of a plant’s growth. This presents you with the ability to give the plants the exact light type necessary to its current growth trend. As per research, plants will require you to supply blue light when they are in the vegetative stage and thereafter switch to red or orange color spectrum as they begin to flower.
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There are various shapes and designs of these lights in the market, most commonly the hanging lights, and the free standing units, with their support structure. The size of your garden will guide on which of the two to choose, typically opting to use the hanging lights for large areas to be covered. It makes sense to buy free standing units for smaller gardens, or when your plants are few and thus can be arranged around it.
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You however have to be careful not to destroy the plants with too much heat from the bulbs touching the leaves of the surrounding plants. You, therefore, will need to be attentive and present to be putting them on and off, where necessary.