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Bonsai Tree Care Basics

Taking care of a Bonsai tree is not a hard task as is commonly thought. The Bonsai tree is grown in small pots hence there is nothing much that needs to be followed when taking care of your plant when watering, fertilizing and repotting. The Bonsai trees, when compared to the average indoor plants, tend to be delicate, but only a few ground rules need to be followed so as to take care of the plant correctly.

How to Water the Bonsai Tree
Watering is the most critical care and maintenance practice for your Bonsai tree. How often a tree must be watered on several factors such as the species of the tree, the size of the pot and tree, the time of the year and the soil mixture. In this case, therefore, it is impossible to give the exact number of times that you should be watering the Bonsai, but the following basic guidelines will help you observe when the tree needs watering.

It is advisable that you only water the tree when the soil feels slightly dry. This means that you should not water the tree when the soil is still wet but when it feels slightly dry. At no point should you water the Bonsai on a routine. You should observe the trees individually, as compared to watering them on a daily routine until you are sure of what you are doing.
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The soil mixture needs to be correct. The soil mixture greatly affects the frequency of watering the plants. A mixture that retains more water should be used when you can’t water the plants regularly.
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Applying Fertilizer
Ensuring that you feed the Bonsai regularly during the growth season is crucial for its survival. Do not fertilize re-potted trees for about a month and also do not fertilize trees that are diseased.

Repotting the Bonsai Tree
Regular re-potting is important as it helps prevent the tree from being pot-bound and finally starving to death. Re-potting the Bonsai does not keep it small but rather supplies the tree with nutrients that it needs to grow and flourish. The frequency of re-potting a Bonsai depends on the size of the pot, and the tree species. Fast growing trees need to be repotted every two years while the older and more mature ones are repotted every three to five years. Repotting shouldn’t be done on a routine but instead, one should check on the tress every early spring by carefully removing from the pot. When the roots of the Bonsai start to circle the roots system; then it’s time for repotting. If the roots are still intact in the soil, repotting is not necessary, and one should wait for another year to repot. Repotting is done during the early spring, when the Bonsai is still dormant.